Meaning of farmer, types, problems

FARMER

FARMERS

 WHO IS A FARMER?

Farmer is a person who owns or manages a farm.
Farmer is also called a ' RANCHER'.
                          OR
Farmer is a person who produces food in his field and make it available for other organisms.
The term 'Farmer' usually applied for the person who engaged in poultry farming, raising field crops, orchards or other livestock.

DIFFERENT TYPES OF FARMING SYSTEM

Farming is not only of one type.There are different types of farmers which depends upon different basis.
# Firstly, Farmers are classified on basis of LANDHOLDING-
1.Landless-  Who have no land owning.
2.Marginal- Have  Less one Hecatare.
3. Small - 1-2 hectares land.
4.Semi- medium- 2-4 hectares land.
5.Medium- 4-6 hectares land.
6.Large -Above 6 hectares.
# Farmers are classified as acc. to their FARMING -
1.DAIRY FARMERS- In this type ,farmers have business of milk.most of farmers rear cattle and have milk booths.farmers sell milk to people or milk companies and get earnings. It is very common in our India especially in that areas where better milk producing cattle is found like Punjab,Haryana.
milk

2. FISH FARMERS - Farmers, who  are engaged in AQUACULTURE.In this  farming ,farmers raised the large amount of fishes in tanks. Farmers may sell fishes in fish market or fish meat beacuse fish meat is in high demand .
3.POULTRY FARMERS - It is most common type of farming practice done by farmers. In this Turkeys  and chickens are rear for meat,egg. Most organic chickens are best for farmers as source of earnings.
4. CROP PRODUCING FARMERS-  In this type  farmers grow fruits,crops, vegetables on large scale.but this need lot of chemicals as input because with help of chemicals crops, Vegetables grow faster as compared to  organic methods.
5.BEEKEEPERS - These Farmers also known as 'APICULTURISTS'.Farmers keeps honeybees in artificial beehives or in wooden boxes.As we know that honey is very beneficial for health and it's demand is also high.So this farming practice is very beneficial for farmers who have less land or want to enter in this sector.
honeybees

IMPORTANCE OF FARMERS 

 Farmers are  not only important part of our society but also part of our lives.The food which ate  day to night is only produce by our farmers. Farmers do alot of hardwork  in harsh conditions not only for his own families but for whole world.Without  them it is not possible not progress any country's economy because major part of country's economy is from agriculture sector. But the condition of most of the farmers is not good.It may due to many reasons,  such as poverty, disrespect,lack of knowledge,improper marketing system etc.Many farmers commit suicide  because of these reasons. I think it is very important for everyone to give proper respect to farmers and also it is duty of every government to take care the conditions of  its country's farmers. 

WORLD'S  FIVE RICHEST FARMERS 

1. LIU YONGXING
2. LIU YONGHAO
3. STEWART & LYNDA RESNICK
4. PRINCE SULTAN BIN MOHAMMED BIN SAUD AL KABEER
5. HARRY STINE

PROBLEMS FACED BY FARMERS

1. IMPROPER MARKET - Every farmer looks for the market ,where he get proper proper payment for selling his crop but there are many grain market where farmers have to suffer for selling their crops.
2. HIGH COSTLY SEEDS - As for small farmers it not possible to purchase costly seeds. But these costly seeds are also of good variety so due to this ,the production of their crops become less because they use cheap seeds.
3. LACK OF KNOWLEDGE- Eduction is very important in every field. Most of our farmers have lack of  knowledge regarding their farming methods. So because of this their production and yield of crops become low as compared to educated farmers.
4.PROBLEM OF LOANS - Many farmers take loans from banks for purchase machines,seeds or other goods but due to poverty they could not  return to bank so many of them commit suicide.
5. IRRIGATION - Irrigation is  very important part of farming system . Irrigation means the availability of water for crops. But due to rapid water pollution and scarcity of water Farmers are troubling are with it .
IRRIGATION

 HOW TO BECOME A GOOD FARMER

Everybody want to become a successful in his / her business. So for being successful you should  known what are you doing.  It is also applicable for  all farmers.Every farmer have dream to develop his/ her agriculture practice but this needs  not only lot of hardwork but also smartwork.So here are few methods which can  help all types of farmers  to establish aa perfect and successful agriculture- 

1. Think what u want to do-  Before start any business it is important to know what u actually want to do. What is your motive behind this? Is it really your dream? So this is necessary to ask yourself these questions.
2.A perfect planning - After clearing all your doubts regarding your dream.next thing is a perfect plan . planning have also most important role to play in your farming business . 
3. Knowledge - Every farmer should gain proper and right knowledge about different variety of seeds,new machines,how to maintain soil etc .And be updated regularly regarding new modifications in agriculture because awareness is also very important.
4.Hardwork And Smartwork- Both are necessary. Without hardwork u can not get success in your business . Everything needs hardwork. But  today's modern agriculture is very advanced. Many new techniques are available in market and which help farmers alot and also save their lot of time. So Farmers should use use these techniques and prefer Smartwork.

NOTE- If you like this information, then please share this link with your nearone's. 

ALSO READ- meaning, types, founder, importance of agriculture to visit the link below 
https://www.agriculturalinfo.in/2020/05/Meaning-types-importance-of-agriculture.html?m=1

ALSO READ- history of agriculture, common types of crop, total land area under agriculture industry and so on to visit the link below 
https://www.agriculturalinfo.in/2020/05/agriculture-in-india-types-of-crops-and-farming-problems.html?m=1

Post a comment

Please do not enter any spam link in the comment box.